What is dragon fruit?
Dragon fruit is another name for pitahaya or the collective species of the genus Hylocerus. They grow on cacti are originally from Mexico but were transported to central Amercia and the other parts of the world. Today they are produced all across the world especially in East Asian, South Asian, and Southeast Asian countries.
It has a mild taste and is often said to be ‘very bland’ with a ‘mild sweetness’.
So can bearded dragons eat dragon fruit at all?
Lets take a look at their nutritional data and find out more.
In particular, their acidic, calcium, phosphorus, water, protein, fat, sugar, and fibre content is of most interest when it comes to bearded dragons.
Another thing of importance is the calcium:phosphorus ratio as for every part phosphorus, there needs to be another part calcium if not more. From 1:1 to 2:1 is ideal as far as bearded dragons are concerned.
Nutrient Amount per 100 g %
Water 87 g NA
Protein 1.1 g 2.1 %
Fat 0.4 g NA Contains little or no fat
Carbohydrates 11.0 g 3.4 %
Fiber 3 g 12 %
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 0.04 mg 2.7 %
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.05 mg 2.9 %
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.16 mg 0.8 %
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) 20.5 mg 34.2 %
Calcium (Ca) 8.5 mg 0.9 %
Iron (Fe) 1.9 mg 10.6 %
Phosphorus (P) 22.5 mg 2.3 %
Zinc (Zn) NA NA
As you can see dragon fruit has a very disproportionate amount of phosphorus compared to its calcium content. It is also quite acidic
Unfortunately it is too acidic for them to eat, they would also find it difficult to digest. A food to avoid.